Restore to practice its practical truth, we must...reintroduce time into the theoretical representation of a practice which, being temporally structured, is intrinsically defined by its tempo.
Pierre Bourdieu Outline of a Theory of Practice
If the misery of our poor be caused not by the laws of nature, but by our institutions, great is our sin.
Charles Darwin Voyage of the Beagle
What "ought to be" is therefore concrete; indeed it is the only realistic and historicist interpretation of reality, it alone is history in the making and philosophy in the making, it alone is politics.
Antonio Gramsci Prison Notebooks
Destructive, however, as riches and inherited honours are to the human character, women are more debased and cramped... by them, than men..
Mary Wollstonecraft A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
Europe is literally the creation of the Third World.
Frantz Fanon The Wretched of the Earth
... as a woman, I have no country. As a woman I want no country. As a woman my country is the whole world.
Virginia Woolf Three Guineas
Misuse of mental tests..arises primarily from two fallacies..embraced by those who wish to use tests for the maintenance of social ranks and distinctions: reifications and hereditarianism.
Stephen Jay Gould The Mismeasure of Man
Power is not an institution, and not a structure; neither is it a certain strength we are endowed with; it is the name that one attributes to a complex strategical situation in a particular society.
Michel Foucault History of Sexuality
... because of Orientalism the Orient was not (and is not) a free subject of thought or action.
Edward Said Orientalism
... proletarians have not always existed, whereas there have always been women.
Simone De Beauvoir The Second Sex
... a human being is by nature a political animal, and anyone who is without a city-state, not by luck but by nature, is either a poor specimen or else superhuman.
In a city of good men, if it came into being, the citizens would fight in order not to rule, just as they do now in order to rule.
If the consent of citizens is required to decide whether or not war is to be declared, it is very natural that they will have great hesitation in embarking on so dangerous an enterprise.
Immanuel Kant Perpetual Peace
Man was born free, and he is everywhere in chains.
Jean Jacques Rousseau The Social Contract
It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner, but from their regard to their own interest.
Adam Smith Wealth of Nations
... the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others.
John Stuart Mill On Liberty
I will simply conclude by saying a ruler needs to have the support of the populace, for otherwise he has nothing to fall back on in times of adversity.
Niccolo Machiavelli Prince
Present-day civilization makes it plain that it will only permit sexual relationships on the basis of a solitary, indissoluble bond between one man and one woman...
Sigmund Freud Civilization and Its Discontents
As a general rule, people, even the wicked, are much more naive and simple-hearted than we suppose. And we ourselves are, too.
Fyodor Dostoyevsky The Brothers Karamazov
Bogazici University Department of Political Science and International Relations 34342 Bebek, Istanbul Tel: +90 212 359 65 04 Fax: +90 212 287 24 55